Other body parts can also sustain an injury. Many handball players injure their knee, ankle and back. Ankle sprains are common, every handball player can expect at least one during their playing career. Common injuries. Ankle sprain; Knee injury - ligament injuries, including the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) Muscle strain – groin, thigh
Injury rates in Germany are higher amongst handball professionals than in soccer, with the knee being the most commonly injured joint. To prevent injuries, a functional inert stability is necessary, but definitions and objective measures are lacking.
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The localizationof injuries was 78.3% in the lower limbs, 13% to the torso and 8.7%in the upper limbs. The most frequent injury was ligament injuries(31.8%) and fractures (18.2%). The main cause of injuries was theviolent conflict with opponent player (57.1%) and without any contact(33.3%).
Most injuries occurred in the lower extremities (50.2%). The injured body areas differed by handball position (p<0.001), and injury severity differed according to sex (p<0.001), with injuries in men typically resulting in a longer recovery time. Pain score and recovery time differed (both p<0.001) depending on the injured tissue type.
• Most of the injuries happen during matches, in par-ticular in one on one situations, i.e. by body contact. Lower extremities account for most of the injuries, fol-lowed by head injuries and injuries of the upper extremities. Sprains and contusions are the predominantly injury types.
The most serious injuries reported in handball are knee injuries (7 to 27%). ACL injury accounts for up to 40 to 50% of all ligamentous knee injuries. Injured players report that injuries often occur while performing a cutting movement or on landing from a jump without direct body contact (Figure 1).
A sports medicine analysis of the incidence of injuries and accident epidemiology of indoor handball sports in senior players in the Federal Republic of Germany after 1981. Sportverletz Sportschaden. 1990;4:65–8.
The prevalence of injury types and locations is different according to sport modality, varying from 5 to 60% for joint injuries [ 2, 3 ], 20–60% for muscle injuries [ 4, 5] and 10–50% for tendinopathy [ 6 ]. Non-modifiable and modifiable factors have been associated with MSK-I [ 1 ].