Match Fixing. Match fixing is when an entire game is rigged. A team can play soft, teams can conspire together, or officials can be bought and paid for to make calls in favor of a team. One example of a (attempted) match fix involved South African captain Hansie Cronje. Hansie took money from a bookmaker (on several occasions) to purposely lose matches.
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Match-fixing is not a new phenomenon in Indian cricketing scenario. In 1979-80 for the first time it was alleged that in the third test of the India-Pakistan series in Mumbai, the Pakistan team lost the test intentionally.
Match-fixing had become established in one-day cricket in the 1990s and suspicion centred, in particular, on the one-day tournaments staged at Sharjah in the United Arab Emirates. Spot fixing became the focus of concern in 2010 when three leading Pakistani players were questioned by police over allegations they manipulated parts of a series ...
Match fixing includes creating a predetermined result from a match, but also things like point shaving and spot fixing, which are small events within a match which can be gambled upon, but which are unlikely to prove decisive in determining the final result of the game.
Cricket match-fixing in India’s neighboring countries Pakistan has been no less notorious for match fixing and the dark side of Pakistan cricket has shown itself quite often. Pakistan’s loss to Ireland in the 2007 World Cup and the subsequent death of Coach Bob Woolmer was one of the more recent events that shook Pakistani cricket.
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Fixing legislation: Right now there are no laws in India to counter match or spot-fixing. That’s why even though many cricket players have been banned; there have been no convictions in India.
Cricket has had a number of controversies relating to players being involved with the betting aspects of the game. In particular, numerous players have been approached by bookmakers and bribed to throw matches, aspects of matches (e.g. the toss) or provide other information.
That is why cricket has no longer remained a sport but has become a business. With the advent of business, unwanted tendencies of match-fixing and betting have become a part and parcel of cricket. A systematic network has been established which takes care of fixing the result of a match between two teams, betting business of several thousands of rupees and involving cricketers into the network and thereby making profits of several crores of rupees.